THIS MONTH IN HISTORY
Please note: This is an ongoing project of the Polish American Journal. If you know of any dates you think should be listed, please e-mail us at: email@example.com. We are trying to make this a Polish American chronology without overlooking the important dates in Poland’s history. Any additional information for events listed would be greatly appreciated.
March - Marzec
1864. Russian Czar Alexander II upheld reforms in Poland that gave landholders ownership of their lands.
2007. Pope Benedict names Kazimierz Nycz as archbishop of Warsaw.
1386. Coronation of Władysław II Jagiełło.
1940. Stalin, among others, signs an order for Katyn Forest Massacre, murdering Poland’s top military, academic, religious, and political leaders.
1783. King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski granted rights to Jews of Kovno, Lithuania.
1745. Birth of Casimir Pulaski, American Revolutionary War hero, general, and father of the American Cavalry.
966. Mieszko I, Duke of Poland, accepts Christianity.
1497. Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543), makes first recorded astronomical observation.
1920. Bolsheviks opened a major offensive on the Polish front.
1913. Birth in Paris of American fashion designer Paris as Oleg Cassini Loiewski.
1995. Death of Franciszek Gajowniczek, Auschwitz prisoner saved from death by Fr. Maximilian Kolbe, who later became a saint.
1964. Birth of Gore Verbinski, American film director and writer, best known for directing the first three “Pirates of the Caribbean” films and “The Ring.” In addition to movies, he has also directed numerous music videos.
1956. Death of Irene Joliet-Curie, Polish-French scientist, daughter of Pierre and Madame Curie, and Nobel Prize in Chemistry recipient. (b. 1897)
1921. Adoption of Poland’s March Constitution
1921. Signing of the Peace of Riga concludes the Polish-Soviet War.
1842. First Polish immigrant society formed in New York City, Towarzystwo Polakow w Ameryce, Association of Poles in America.
1939. Nazi Germany demands Gdansk (Danzig) from Poland.
1659. The Warsaw parliament issues metal currency, shillings, for Lithuania and Poland.
1891. Death of Fr. Leopold Moczygemba in Detroit, Franciscan who founded the first Polish Church in the United States in Panna Maria, Texas. Also founder of Ss. Cyril & Methodius Seminary at the Orchard Lake Schools in Orchard Lake, Michigan.
1794. Tadeusz Kosciuszko assumes the title of Supreme Commander of the Polish Insurrection of 1794 in defense of the Constitution of May 3.
1928. Birth in Warsaw of Zbigniew Brzezinski.
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